Most drinking water is supplied from groundwater. This groundwater comes from several hundred feet below ground. The water is pumped to the surface, treated, and sent to water utility customers.  Town & Country Engineering is your single resource for water well systems, water distribution, filtering and water management utilizing SCADA.



Town & Country Engineering specializes in groundwater wells, from 60-foot unconsolidated wells to 1,000-foot deep or greater sandstone wells. As a part of the  process, we analyze water quality data and geology to assess potential for future water quality issues. We include provisions for future treatment in piping and building layouts.

Town & Country Engineering prepares rigorous specifications to ensure a straight and plumb well with proper grouting.


Town & Country Engineering performs water system modeling to determine optimal storage location and size from a fire protection and water quality perspective.  We evaluate ground and elevated storage to determine the best fit for needs of water system.



Whether from naturally occurring or manmade sources, many different compounds can be found in groundwater.  Town & Country Engineering has worked with multiple treatment and filtration techiques that are site-specific.  Process selection centers on waste disposal issues, the presence of other contaminants, capital cost and operational cost.

We work with systems for the removal of radium, arsenic, phosphate, chromium, selenium, fluoride, antimony, lead, and other metals from drinking water.


Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) is a system of software and hardware elements that allows industrial organizations to control processes locally or at remote locations. Human-machine interface (HMI) software allows the operator to monitor, gather, and process real-time data and directly interact with devices such as sensors, valves, pumps and motors. The SCADA software processes, distributes, and displays the data, helping operators and other employees analyze the data and make important decisions.


Example Water Supply, Treatment and Distribution Projects

Well Construction

City of Rhinelander

Town & Country Engineering, Inc. designed and administered construction of new Well No. 7 and well house, and rehabilitation of Well House No. 6. Because of the granite geology in the Rhinelander area, Well No. 7 was designed as a gravel pack well.  Subsequently a Well No. 8 was added in the immediate vicinity of Well No. 7 to create a wellfield.  Well No. 8 was routed through Well No. 7 for chemical treatment and pumping to the City water distribution system.  Rhinelander received a special federal grant for over $900,000 for this well project.

Water Storage

Village of Mazomanie – New Concrete Water Storage and Connecting Water Main

This project involved construction of a new 350,000 gallon circular concrete water storage reservoir. Town & Country Engineering, Inc. prepared a water system report analyzing the desirable capacity and the best location for a new storage reservoir. The storage tank in this case supplemented an existing storage tank to bring the Village’s total storage capacity up to desirable levels. The project involved complete replacement of the water system controls, including adding a radio based telemetry supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system.

Water System Upgrade

Village of Deerfield – 600,000-Gallon Water Storage, Well Construction and Pressure Booster Station Elimination

The Village of Deerfield retained Town & Country Engineering, Inc., for several water system-related projects. One of the two Village wells was found to be contaminated by industrial chemicals in the late 1980’s. A new well was drilled to replace it and Town & Country Engineering, Inc. designed a new pump and pumphouse to utilize that well. Subsequently another existing well was lost to contamination and Town & Country Engineering designed and administered construction of another new well.

Deerfield originally had a small above-ground steel reservoir which was at such an elevation that three areas of the Village required booster stations to create adequate pressure.  Town & Country  Engineering created a computer water model of the Village water distribution system and used that  model in the design of a hilltop 600,000-gallon above-ground glass-coated steel water storage that should serve the Village for many generations.

Water Treatment

City of Tomah Well No. 10 Water Treatment Facilities and Well No. 14 Construction

This project includes the design, construction and operational training for a HMO water treatment system. The project consisted of a building addition to Well No. 10, pressure filter for water treatment, and chemical feed system. Chemical feed system consisted of chlorine, polyphosphate, a caustic soda (NaOH), and a HMO mixture to remove the radium. The system was designed for existing well capacity of 700-1000 gpm but has the added capacity to handle the satellite wells.